To list the contents of a directory, open the terminal and type
ls stands for list.
For more details, use
-l stands for long.
To view all files, including hidden files use
In Linux, hidden filenames start with a ”.”
You can combine -l and -a, like this
To change to a directory within the one you are in, use
To change to a directory in the directory in one you are in, use
To change to the root directory, use
To change to a directory in root, use
To change to the home directory, use
To change to a directory within the home directory, use
To change up to the directory containing the one you are in, use
To change up two levels, use
To display the contents of a file, use
This may be used to read text files.
To have root or administrator permissions, use
For example, to start the text editor as root or administrator, use
To stop an application, use